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葡萄牙移民:為什麼南非公民喜歡在葡萄牙投資然後申請移民


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如果你是名南非公民,目前是有計劃通過擴展公司業務自由進入歐州國家或是有意移民,那麼葡萄牙的移民計劃或是不錯的選擇。葡萄牙其中較為聞名的移民計劃,稱黃金簽證是以投資的方式申請移民。

If you are a South African businessperson who plan on expanding your business enterprise and gain mobility within the Europe-Schengen countries, or simply relocating, an expedited residency status in Portugal through one of its popular residency-by investment program (colloquially called “Golden Visa”) may be your answer.

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點擊閱讀:2022全球居留計畫指數,葡萄牙榮獲首榜!為什麼大家都選擇葡萄牙呢?

為什麼投資者對於葡萄牙有一定喜愛?Why Investors Love Portugal

葡萄牙曾被譽為歐洲最和平、最美麗的國家之一。追溯到 2006 年,葡萄牙仍然是一個值得探索的國家,每年均有 700 萬遊客。近年來,這個數字幾乎翻了一番,僅在 2018 年就有超過 1280 萬遊客。這個國際知名的目的地現在是歐洲和非歐洲遊客的最愛。在疫情虐殺後,相信這個寶藏將在未來繼續保持快速擴展。

Once known as Europe’s best-kept secret, Portugal is one of the most peaceful – and beautiful – countries in Europe. Dated back in 2006, Portugal was still a country to be explored with merely 7 million visitors per year. In recent years, this number almost doubled and there has been over 12.8 million visitors in 2018 alone. The internationally acclaimed destination is now a favorite amongst both European and non-European visitors. Amidst the pandemic, this hidden gem will continue to harbor expediential growth in the coming future.

對於國際遊客來說,葡萄牙美麗的海灘、藍色的水晶海浪、充滿地中海風情的陽光明媚的氣候以及美味的葡萄牙蛋撻都是國際遊客喜歡葡萄牙的原因。葡萄牙也漸漸地吸引來自世界各地的遊客、投資者、退休人員和外籍人士,這已是個公開的秘密。

For international tourists, there are many reasons why they love Portugal. Beautiful beaches, blue crystal waves, sunny climate with a Mediterranean flair, and delicious Portuguese egg tarts – it’s no longer a secret why Portugal increasingly attracts tourists, investors, retirees, and expatriates from all around the world.

而對於葡萄牙居民來說,葡萄牙不旦提供居民高質量的生活,以相對較低的成本獲得文化、醫療保健和教育。於商業角度來說,在葡萄牙經營業務,擁有一家公司並不需要花費你很多錢,而且註冊步驟也相對的很容易。為了激勵葡萄牙的商業機會,政府在 2019 年發布了一系列有吸引力的稅收優惠,以鼓勵新的直投流入,幫助葡萄牙在全球經濟危機後重新站穩腳跟。此外,非歐洲國際投資者及其家人可以通過多種投資選擇獲得葡萄牙的居留身份,並在5年後成為葡萄牙公民的移民途徑鋪平道路。當該計劃奏效,葡萄牙也一直在吸引來自全球的富裕部門。

For Portuguese residents, the country offers a high quality of life, with access to culture, health care and education with a relative low cost. As for operating a business in Portugal, owning a company doesn’t cost you a ton of money and the incorporation is easy. To incentivize business opportunities in Portugal, in 2019 the government has issued a range attractive tax benefits to encourage an inflow of new and direct investments to help Portugal gets back to its feet after the Global Economic Crisis. In addition, non-European international investors and their families can obtain a residency status in Portugal through several investment options and pave a pathway to become a Portuguese citizen after 5 years. The scheme worked, and Portugal has been attracting the wealthier sector from across the globe ever since.

投資移民途徑獲得公民身份 Pathway to Portuguese Citizenship through Investment

以南非人的思想,擁有歐洲公民身份並擁有強大的環球旅行護照,以及在所有歐盟成員國內自由生活、工作、學習和經商的能力,是一項非常有吸引力的移民國家。如果是有正在考慮將葡萄牙作為投資目的地、獲得歐洲公民身份的想法,那麼以下的移民途徑可說是最熱門的選擇。

As a South African, the idea of a European citizenship with a powerful passport to travel the world, but also the ability to freely live, work, study and do business within all European Union members, sounds very appealing. If you are considering Portugal as an investment destination, a pathway to a European citizenship – or both – the following visas might be worth considering.

葡萄牙黃金簽證 Portugal Golden Visa

葡萄牙黃金簽證是一項投資居留計劃,讓非歐盟投資者有資格對房地產或美國證券交易委員會批准的風險投資基金進行合格投資,後獲得投資者及其合格家庭成員的居留許可。對於房地產投資選擇,投資者需要投資 280,000 至 500,000 歐元,具體取決於該地區的房產類型、位置和法律框架。對於選擇通過 SEC 批准的投資基金選項進行投資的投資者,最低合格投資為 500,000 歐元,期限至少為 5 年。

The Portugal Golden Visa is a residency-by-investment program that qualifies non-EU investors to make a qualifying investment in real estate or an SEC-approved venture capital fund, to obtain a residency permit for investors and their qualifying family members. For the real estate investment options, the investor is required to invest a anywhere between EUR 280,000 and EUR 500,000 depending on the type of property, location and legal framework in place in that region. For investors choosing to invest though the SEC-approved investment fund option, the minimum qualifying investment is EUR 500,000 with the maturity of at least 5 years.

黃金簽證的好處是投資者只需每年至少在葡萄牙居住 7 天,或每兩年至少居住 14 天。該計劃的最低居住要求確實吸引了許多計劃在海外投資的投資者,他們沒有義務在國內搬遷或花費大量時間滿足居住要求。

The perk of the Golden Visa is that investors are only required to reside in Portugal at a minimum 7 days per year, or 14 days per two years. The minimal residency requirement of this program does attract many investors who plan to invest overseas, without the obligation to relocate or spend significant time in-country.

黃金簽證計劃不僅讓投資者有資格申請移民,甚至父母、配偶和子女等家庭成員也有資格,且所有申請人都可以在葡萄牙生活、工作和學習。建議投資者(和符合條件的家庭成員)在 5 年後滿足某些條件,他們可以選擇申請永久居留權或公民身份,但須具備基本的葡萄牙語能力。

The Golden Visa program allows family members such as parents, spouse and children to qualify as well, and all applicants would be allowed to live, work, and study in Portugal if they desire. Suggesting the investors (and the qualifying family members) meet certain conditions after 5 years, they may opt to apply for either permanent residency or citizenship, subject to a basic Portuguese proficiency.

點擊閱讀:【移民葡萄牙】新政帶來末班車熱潮,三大購房移民熱門城市可申請黃金簽證?

葡萄牙創業移民 Portugal Start-Up Visa

葡萄牙創業簽證要求申請者在葡萄牙的企業孵化器中做出至少 175,000 歐元的財務承諾,其中 25,000 歐元將用作該企業的初始資本。對於希望在葡萄牙經營或擴展其創新業務的企業家來說,葡萄牙創業簽證可能是最佳的移民途徑。與黃金簽證類似,葡萄牙創業簽證(“SUV”)將允許南非人在葡萄牙生活、學習和工作。但值得注意的是,SUV項目沒有居住要求,企業的成敗不會影響SUV的申請結果。

The Portugal Start-Up visa requires you to make a financial commitment of at least EUR 175,000 into a business incubator in Portugal, of which EUR 25,000 will be used as the initial capitalization for the venture. For business entrepreneurs who are looking to operate or expend their innovative business in Portugal, a Portugal Start-Up Visa may be your answer. Similarly to the Golden Visa, the Portugal Start-Up Visa (“SUV”) will allow South Africans the possibility to live, study and work in Portugal. However, it is worth noting that the SUV program does not have any residency requirement, and the success or failure of the business enterprise will not have an impact on the result of the SUV application.

其中申請創業移民的要求是申請者需要有一個現有的啟動項目,或者至少準備創始一個公司,並且為了確保申請者是認真有意創業,申請者必須提供一份商業計劃書。要申請該計劃,企業家必須提交他們的商業計劃和創新理念,以獲得葡萄牙移民批准的企業孵化器的支持,為期 3 年的孵化期。一旦獲得批准,葡萄牙創業簽證的有效期最長為 2 年。在此之後,申請人及其家屬可以申請將此簽證再延長 3 年,但前提是必須滿足特定的申請條件。

To be eligible for the Portugal SUV program requires the investor to have an existing start-up project or at the very least, looking to begin one. A business plan is required in order to prove the seriousness of the idea. To apply for the program, entrepreneurs must submit their business plan and innovative idea in order to gain the support from a Portugal immigration-approved business incubator for a 3-year incubation period.

在5 年期限之後,申請人和家屬可以申請續簽簽證或申請永久居留或公民身份,條件是證明 CEFR A2 的語言能力。但是,在某些情況下,如果確定申請人正在努力為商業企業和經濟的發展做出貢獻,當地移民當局可以自行決定取消語言要求。

After the initial 5-year period, applicants and dependents can either apply for a renewal of their visa or apply for permanent residence or citizenship, on condition that is evidencing language proficiency of CEFR A2. However, in some cases, the language requirement can be removed at the discretion of local immigration authorities if it is decided that the applicant is trying to contribute to grow the business enterprise and the economy.

點擊閱讀:【葡萄牙移民】葡萄牙熱門職業2022!新移民找工作應該何從下手?

如何選擇適合自己的簽證? Which Visa Suits You?

總結來說,這兩個項目都向有興趣投資或擴展其創新理念以換取其在葡萄牙居留身份的南非國民開放。當然,每個申請人的情況都不一樣,為了可更準確的建議,申請人可與位專業人士討論,以便更好地了解申請人的目標、預算和家庭構成,從而為申請人提供進一步的建議。

As a conclusion, both programs are open to South African nationals interested in either investing or expending their innovative idea in exchange of their residency status in Portugal. To answer the question of which one is more suitable for you and your family, we encourage you to discuss with one of our professional so we can better understand your objectives, budget and family composition in order to advise you moving forward.



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