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關於西班牙黃金簽證的最常見問題


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為什麽要在西班牙獲得黃金簽證?WHY SPAIN FOR A GOLDEN VISA?

首先,由于其殖民遺産和交織在一起的曆史,西班牙在我們遇到的大多數(如果不是全部)菲律賓客戶的腦海中。 雖然還有其他方法可以成為西班牙人(例如通過證明您的血統、婚姻和/或時間),但西班牙投資居留計劃(又稱黃金簽證——自 2013 年起實施)本質上授予合法居留權 在西班牙以換取對價值至少 50 萬歐元的一處(或多處)房産的投資。 推而廣之,西班牙黃金簽證持有人(以及所有符合條件的家庭成員)可以選擇在西班牙工作和學習,而無需進一步獲得額外的工作或學習許可。First and foremost, Spain is in the mind of most – if not all – Filipino clients we encounter due to its colonial heritage and intertwined history. While there are other ways to become Spaniard (e.g. by evidencing your lineage, marriage, and/or time), the Spanish residency-by-investment program (aka Golden Visa – enforced since 2013), in essence, grants a right to legally reside in Spain in exchange for an investment into a property (or properties) worth a minimum of EUR 500k. By extension, a Spanish Golden Visa holder (and all qualifying family members) may opt to work and study in Spain without the need to further secure an additional work or study permit.

最後,西班牙黃金簽證的另一個好處是它賦予了其他申根國家內一定的流動性。 後者在正常情況下適用,在 COVID-19 的這段時間內不應保證(或理所當然)這種流動性。Lastly, one more benefit of the Spanish Golden Visa is that it entitles certain mobility within other Schengen countries. The latter being applicable under normal circumstances and no guarantee of such mobility should be given (or taken for granted) in this time of COVID-19.

黃金簽證在菲律賓特別受歡迎,因為它確實為菲律賓人提供了一條在 2 年後獲得公民身份並因此獲得西班牙護照的途徑。 需要注意的是,應仔細考慮將黃金簽證視為獲得公民身份的途徑的申請人——更多內容見下文。The Golden Visa is notably popular in the Philippines since it does provide a path for Filipinos to obtain citizenship after 2 years and therefore secure a Spanish passport. It is to note that careful consideration should be given to applicants looking at the Golden Visa as a path to citizenship – more on this below.

與從鄰國葡萄牙獲得黃金簽證相比,獲得西班牙黃金簽證的優勢/劣勢是什麽?WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES/ DISADVANTAGES OF GETTING A GOLDEN VISA FOR SPAIN, COMPARED TO GETTING ONE FROM ITS NEIGHBOR, PORTUGAL?

我能想到幾個。 區分西班牙和葡萄牙項目的主要因素是居住權、投資選擇和入籍途徑。

居住要求 Residency Requirement

葡萄牙雖然面積很小,但每年有大約一周的居住要求才能維持黃金簽證,而西班牙則沒有。 西班牙得一分。Portugal, whilst being minimal, has a residency requirement of roughly a week per year in order to maintain the Golden Visa while Spain doesn’t. A point for Spain.

投資選擇 Investment Options

西班牙主要因其房地産投資選擇而受歡迎,而葡萄牙則為潛在投資者提供多種投資選擇。 葡萄牙得一分。 目前,最受我們客戶歡迎的葡萄牙簽證選擇如下:Spain is mainly popular for its real estate investment option, whilst Portugal offers multiple investment options for potential investors. A point for Portugal. At the moment, the most popular options among our clients for a Portugal visa are the following:

  • 至少向投資基金投資 350,000 歐元;A minimum investment of EUR 350,000 into an investment fund;
  • 至少投資 350,000 歐元到符合條件的可翻新 30 年以上的房地産;A minimum investment of EUR 350,000 into a qualifying real estate property dating more than 30 years to be refurbished;
  • 至少投資 500,000 歐元到一處或多處房地産;A minimum investment of EUR 500,000 into one or multiple real estate property(ies);
  • 承諾向創業簽證計劃下的孵化計劃投入 175,000 歐元。A commitment of EUR 175,000 into an incubation program under the Start-up Visa program.
入籍之路 Path to Citizenship

葡萄牙還提供了 5 年後獲得公民身份的途徑。 另一方面,對于非殖民地國家,西班牙也對公民身份開放,但 10 年後,除非你是菲律賓人(或來自任何其他殖民地國家),在某些情況下,2 年的期限可能就足夠了。 在這裏,重點將取決于您的國籍。Portugal also provides a route to citizenship after 5 years. On the other hand, for non-colonized countries, Spain is also open for citizenship but after 10 years, unless you are Filipino (or from any other colonized country) for which a 2-year period may be sufficient under certain circumstances. Here, the point will depend on your nationality.

根據 IATA 的最新數據,一旦獲得公民身份,西班牙在其護照強度方面略有優勢,因為它目前提供 188 個司法管轄區的免簽證訪問,而葡萄牙為 186 個。作為一個令人沮喪的比較,Pilipinas Pasaporte 目前提供 免簽證進入不到 70 個國家。Once citizenship is secured, according to the latest data from IATA, Spain has a slight advantage regarding its passport strength since it currently provides visa-free access to 188 jurisdictions, while Portugal is at 186. As a gloomy comparison, the Pilipinas Pasaporte currently provides visa-free access to less than 70 countries.

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西班牙黃金簽證的主要障礙是什麽?WHAT ARE THE MAJOR HURDLES FOR A GOLDEN VISA FROM SPAIN?

可以這麽說,申請黃金簽證沒有任何障礙。 然而,需要注意的是,一些菲律賓人對什麽是黃金簽證、獲得公民身份的途徑以及成為西班牙人對個人財富狀況的要求(和潛在影響)之間的差異存在誤解。There is no hurdle in applying for the Golden Visa so to speak. However, there is a note to be made about the misconceptions that several Filipinos have on the differences between what the Golden Visa is, the path to citizenship, and the requirements (and potential impact) of becoming a Spaniard on one’s wealth situation.

如上所述,西班牙黃金簽證相當簡單,沒有居住、語言或測試要求。 每 2-5 年更新一次黃金簽證很簡單,每次更新的費用也很低。 只要申請人和家人保持投資並繼續遵守初始要求,就可以續簽黃金簽證。The Spanish Golden Visa, as described above, is fairly straightforward and does not have residency, language nor test requirements. Renewing this Golden Visa – every 2-5 years – is simple and the fees for each renewal are minimal. As long as the applicant and family maintain the investment and continue to respect the initial requirements, the Golden Visa can be renewed.

獲得公民身份的道路是另一回事。 要獲得西班牙公民資格,必須會說西班牙語並表現出一定的熟練程度。 這將通過以西班牙語進行西班牙文化和曆史考試來進一步“測試”。 對于來自非殖民地國家的國民,可能需要放棄以前的公民身份,而獲得公民身份的過程可能需要 10 年的時間。 對于菲律賓人來說,這段旅程將需要大約 2-3 年的時間,同時可以保留菲律賓公民身份。 上述旅程取決于每個家庭,也可能有不幸的稅收情況,因為西班牙禁止申請人每年在西班牙境外停留一定數量的月份。The path to citizenship is a different story. To qualify for citizenship in Spain, one must speak Spanish and demonstrate a certain proficiency. This will further be ‘tested’ by sitting an examination on the Spanish culture and history – in Spanish. For nationals from non-colonized countries, the former citizenship may need to be relinquished and the path to citizenship will likely be a 10-year journey. For Filipinos, that journey will take around 2-3 years while allowing the retention of Filipino citizenship. Said journey, depending on each family, may also have unfortunate tax circumstances given that Spain prevents applicants to be outside of Spain for a certain number of months per year.

成功獲得西班牙黃金簽證的大約總支出是多少?WHAT IS THE APPROXIMATE TOTAL OUTLAY FOR A SUCCESSFUL GOLDEN VISA FROM SPAIN?

沒有“一刀切”的方法,因為總支出因家庭構成、房産類型和位置而異。There is no ‘one size fits all’ as the total outlay varies depending on the family constitution, as well as the property type and location.

作為初步概述,最低投資額設定為 50 萬歐元,投資者應預計額外支付 5 萬至 7.5 萬歐元的與該物業相關的各種稅費以及政府和申請費等第三方支出,當然, 專業法律費用。As a tentative overview, the minimum investment being set at EUR 500k, the investor should expect an additional EUR 50-75k in various taxes and fees associated with the property as well as third party disbursements such as government and application fees and of course, the professional legal fees.

任何想要探索西班牙黃金簽證的申請人都應該平均投資 57.5 萬歐元至 60 萬歐元。Any applicant looking to explore the Spanish Golden Visa should look to invest an average of EUR 575-EUR 600k.

這個過程需要多長時間?HOW LONG WILL THE PROCESS TAKE?

這取決于申請人是否會(或可以)訪問西班牙。 平均處理時間為 1-4 個月。 需要注意的是,目前,鑒于大流行,HLG 能夠遠程處理所有申請。 事實上,與我們在西班牙的同行的所有會議、財産的選擇和購買、黃金簽證申請的完成——甚至為他們的孩子預選學校——都可以通過我們公司的數字方式遠程完成。This varies depending on whether the applicant will (or can) visit Spain or not. An average processing time would be between 1-4 months. It is to note that at the moment, and in light of the pandemic, HLG is able to process all applications remotely. Indeed, all meetings with our counterpart in Spain, the selection and purchase of property, the completion of the Golden Visa application – and even a preselection of schools for their children – can be done remotely and through digital means with our firm.

每個人都可以申請西班牙黃金簽證嗎?CAN EVERYONE APPLY FOR A SPANISH GOLDEN VISA?

抱歉不行。 該計劃僅限于非歐盟/歐洲經濟區國民。 其他不予受理的理由包括但不限于:Unfortunately, no. The program is restricted to non-EU/EEA nationals. Other grounds for inadmissibility include but is not limited to those with:

– 過去的刑事定罪;past criminal convictions;

– 欠西班牙當局的債務或任何類似的未付款項,例如 未繳稅款;have debts or any similar unpaid monies to the Spanish authorities e.g. unpaid taxes;

– 非法進入或停留在西班牙。have entered or stayed illegally in Spain.

需要注意的是,從表面上看,政治公衆人物 (PEP) 並不是西班牙黃金簽證計劃不可受理的,但他們的資格需要進行徹底和廣泛的法律評估。A note should be made that Politically Exposed Persons (PEP) are not, prima facie, inadmissible for the Spanish Golden Visa program, but their eligibility will require a thorough and extensive legal assessment.

如果投資者想出售房産,黃金簽證會怎樣?WHAT HAPPENS TO THE GOLDEN VISA IF AN INVESTOR WANTS TO SELL THE PROPERTY?

西班牙黃金簽證依賴于房産,因此應適當考慮希望在將居留許可轉換為西班牙永久居留身份或成為公民之前出售房産的投資者。 一旦投資者獲得其中任何一種身份,他們就可以決定處置該財産,而不會對他們在西班牙的移民身份産生任何影響。The Spanish Golden Visa is reliant on the property and therefore proper consideration should be given to an investor who wishes to sell the property before converting the residency permit into a Permanent Residency status in Spain – or becoming a citizen. Once the investor attains either of that statuses, they may decide to dispose of the property without any impact on their immigrant status in Spain.

您會向您的客戶推薦西班牙黃金簽證嗎?WOULD YOU RECOMMEND THE SPANISH GOLDEN VISA TO YOUR CLIENTS?

西班牙語課程通常仍然是菲律賓人和非菲律賓人的熱門選擇。 所有項目都有自己的優點和缺點,我們的建議將取決于申請人的需求/要求。 我們有責任了解申請人及其家人的需求,並根據他們的具體情況建議適合的課程。 歸根結底,我們作為法律顧問的作用是向申請人提供所有信息,無論是好是壞,以便做出明智的決定。The Spanish program remains generally a popular option to both Filipinos and non-Filipinos. All programs have their own set of pros and cons and our recommendation will depend on the needs/requirements of the applicants. It is our duty to understand the needs of the applicants and their families and advise what program(s) may be suitable based on their specific circumstances. Ultimately our role as legal advisers is to give all the information, whether good or bad, to the applicant, to enable an informed decision to be made.

為什麽要選擇HLG幫助申請西班牙黃金簽證?WHY SHOULD I CHOOSE HLG TO HELP APPLY FOR THE SPANISH GOLDEN VISA?

我們的專業職責是對客戶負責,根據我們的經驗,我們已經看到許多“顧問”、“顧問”和其他有問題的人將西班牙的黃金簽證作為一個徹頭徹尾的“投資入籍計劃”或“步入式” 公園獲得公民身份的過程,這並不是該計劃的真實表現。 最終,如果未能考慮關鍵因素或聘請非專業人士,除了可能被禁止長達 10 年的移民禁令外,還可能導致不幸的經濟損失。Our professional duties are to the client and in our experience, we have seen many ‘consultants’, ‘advisors’ and other questionable individuals presenting the Golden Visa in Spain as an outright ‘Citizenship-by-Investment Program’ or as a ‘walk in the park’ process to get citizenship, which is not a true representation of the program. Ultimately, failing to consider key factors, or hiring a non-professional, could result in unfortunate financial losses in addition to a potential immigration ban for up to 10 years.

每個客戶都應仔細考慮對投資和服務提供商進行必要的盡職調查,並就其當前居住國和西班牙的潛在稅務風險征求專業意見。Each client should carefully consider the necessary due diligence on both the investment and the service provider, as well as seeking a professional opinion on the potential tax exposure in both their current country of residency and Spain.

作為一家律師事務所,HLG 進行必要的盡職調查,並從頭到尾管理整個過程。 我們的誠信至為重要,我們准備為我們的客戶付出更多努力,以確保所選擇的項目適合他們。As a law firm, HLG carries out the necessary due diligence and manages the whole process from the start to finish. Our integrity is paramount, and we are prepared to go the extra mile for our clients to make sure the chosen program is the right one for them.

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